|Adopted||October 4, 1984|
|Use||National flag & ensign|
|Civil flag & ensign|
The national flag of Egypt consists of three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band.
Red represents the struggle against the British occupation of Egypt (the period before 1952)
White symbolizes the advent of the 1952 Revolution which ended the monarchy without bloodshed.
Black stands for the end of the oppression of the people of Egypt at the hands of the Monarchy and British colonialism (the period after 1952)
Eagle of Saladin represents power and strength
The flag is hoisted on all Egyptian governmental buildings on Fridays, national holidays, the opening session of the House of Representatives, and any other occasions as determined by the Minister of the Interior. The flag is hoisted daily on border posts, customs buildings, Egyptian consulates and embassies overseas on Revolution Day (July 23), and other national holidays, as well as during the visit of the Egyptian President to the country hosting the diplomatic mission.
Egypt flag Protocol
Muhammad Ali, the Ottoman Khedive (viceroy) in Egypt, seized power in Egypt and founded Muhammad Ali dynasty in 1805. His flag, red banner with three white crescents and three stars, was the first true national flag of Egypt.
Egypt Flag 1881 - 1922
In 1922, Britain recognized Egyptian independence and Sultan of Egypt, Fuad I, became the King of Egypt. King Fuad issued a Royal Decree formally adopting a new national flag of three white stars in a white crescent on a green background. The three stars symbolised the three component territories of the Kingdom - Egypt, Nubia, and Sudan and the green represented the agriculture of the kingdom.
Egypt Flag 1922–1953
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Arab Liberation Flag became the flag of the nation. It had red-white-black horizontal stripes with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center.
Egypt Flag 1953–1958
In 1958, Egypt and Syria united as the United Arab Republic (UAR) and adopted a national flag based on the Arab Liberation flag, with two green stars replacing the Eagle of Saladin in the white band. The two green stars represented Egypt and Syria as their union gave birth to the United Arab Republic
Egypt Flag 1958-1972
On January 1, 1972, Egypt formed the Federation of Arab Republics along with Syria, and Libya. The flag of the Federation is similar to the flag of United Arab Republic with the stars replaced with the golden hawk of Qureish, symbol of the tribe to which the Prophet Muhammad had belonged.
Egypt Flag 1972-1984
Though the Federation of Arab Republics was dissolved in 1977, Egypt continued to use the Federation's flag until October 4, 1984, when the golden hawk of Qureish was replaced in the white band by the Eagle of Saladin (Saladin is the famous Ayubbid Sultan who ruled Egypt in the 12th Century)
Egypt Flag 1984 - Present